Our Firm provides advice and legal counsel to small to medium-size businesses engaged in a myriad of commercial endeavors, including the manufacture of retail and wholesale goods and products, print and media operations, software, construction, healthcare, technology, and numerous other commercial activities in South Florida and throughout the world.
Militzok & Levy represents a significant number of small businesses. Some of them come to the firm after having been up and running for years, and others are true start-ups formed by our firm. Small businesses have unique aspects which our Firm is well-suited to address. For instance, these clients may not have the same legal budget as their larger counterparts. Hence, the Firm strives to provide sophisticated, first-class service in an efficient manner within the client's financial limitations. In addition, the firm recognizes that many small businesses are closely-held by family members, lending a special dynamic to their business transactions.
The Firm's practice in this area includes:
- Consulting with clients to develop business and legal strategy and developing a business plan;
- Preparation and filing the formation documents with the State;
- Preparing the corporate formalities, such as bylaws, resolutions, the operating/shareholder agreement and stock certificates;
- Filing copyrights and trademarks to protect the business's intellectual property;
- Preparing customer agreements, invoice terms, distributor agreements, website terms and conditions and privacy policies;
- Preparing employment agreements, manuals and related documentation;
- Assisting with collection of accounts receivable;
- Reviewing financing documentation for commercial and business loans;
- Providing general commercial law advice and guidance; and
- Preparing and negotiating joint ventures.
We have developed a series of informative points that are traditionally relevant to small businesses.
You should seek a business lawyer if you or your company are . . .
Organizing a New Business. It has been our experience that those who rely on do-it-yourself incorporation kits to save a few bucks overlook and fail to understand the application of the various laws that a business entity must observe and the fix can often be many more times than the initial cost that would be spent in hiring an attorney to organize the business. If you form a corporation or a limited liability company (LLC), you must make sure that you properly capitalize the company, observe legal formalities and properly execute documents and agreements. Otherwise the liability protection offered by the corporation or LLC could be lifted and you can be held personally liable for claims against the corporation or LLC. This is often referred to as "piercing the corporate veil." A company must also ensure that it complies with certain legal requirements or it may become suspended. If you go to the Florida Division of Corporation’s website and search companies, you will find a surprising number of suspended companies. If your company enters into agreements as a suspended company, the agreements are voidable (which can allow the other parties to simply void the agreement, at their option). Our Firm can help you decide on the type of business entity that is best suited for your company. We can also prepare and file the organizational documents for the business (articles of incorporation or organization; bylaws, partnership or operating agreements; incorporator / organizational certificates, minutes of initial board of directors or managers meeting; minutes of initial shareholder's meeting). We can also provide information about business licenses. We can also issue share certificates, with proper legends. Since our attorneys are very experienced with this process, we can do so at a very reasonable cost.
Hiring your First Employees. Many employee disputes and lawsuits occur because companies fail to clearly define the employment relationship with the employee from the outset. Companies that fail to have employees sign invention assignment and non-disclosure agreements risk future claims on its intellectual property. Companies that accept money from employees without proper documentation risk future ownership claims. Companies who fail to pay wages on a timely basis or breach applicable employment laws are subject to serious consequences. We can prepare employment agreements, invention assignment agreements, non-disclosure and non-compete agreements. We can advise you with respect to common traps that lead to expensive employee disputes regarding intellectual property ownership and equity ownership. We can also help you in the event of a later employee termination.
Offering or Issuing, Stock, Options, Warrants or Convertible Notes. The offer and issuance of stock, options, warrants, convertible notes and other types of securities are heavily regulated by both state and federal securities laws. The registration of stock and security offerings and preparation of the disclosure documents can be a timely and expensive proposition. Legal compliance is complex and the consequences can be severe. The company and its directors, officers and advisors may be held liable for losses incurred by the shareholders or security holders if securities laws are violated. Even worse, those who violate certain anti-fraud statutes can be subject to criminal penalties. We can advise you as to the applicable securities laws. We can typically structure the offering so that the Company can qualify for an exemption to registration. We also can help prepare or review the disclosure documents that accompany the offering.
Planning to Create and Develop New Products and Services. It is important to protect the ownership of all of the company’s creative work and intellectual property including inventions, patents, trade secrets, trademarks and copyrights. We can help you take steps to protect your creative works and, in the case of patents and inventions, we can assist you in securing a competent patent attorney.
Launching New Products and Services to your Customers or Clients. When you sell a product or render services, you are in a position to set or initiate the terms of the underlying contract. Surprisingly, companies do not always take advantage of this fact. We can prepare product, sales, service or service level agreements that you can present to your customers or clients. We can draft these agreements to address your specific products and services and with language that best protects your interests.
Entering into Third Party Contracts. Leases, supplier agreements, distribution agreements, license agreements, joint venture agreements and other contracts drafted by third parties are often one sided in the other party's favor (e.g. escape clauses, disclaimers, penalties, provisions shifting liability to you). We can prepare or review your third party contracts, add protective measures, look for problem areas and prepare appropriate contractual amendments or addendums.
Seeking to Resolve Internal Disputes. Disputes among co-owners, partners, shareholders, directors, officers and key employees can tear a company apart if left unresolved. We can advise you regarding your legal options and suggest practical ways to help resolve disputes and differences within the company. We can help communicate (and if necessary, negotiate or mediate) an acceptable resolution.
Acquiring Another Business. Acquiring a business entails a morass of business, tax and legal issues, sufficient due diligence and agreements that protect your interests. We can help structure an acquisition in the most suitable manner, conduct due diligence on the business to look for unforeseen liabilities and risks, negotiate the terms of and document the transaction. We can provide assistance in securing key personnel, valuable intellectual property and the assignment of the acquired business's contracts. We will also help you comply with all the regulatory and contractual requirements necessary to close the transaction including the preparation of a legal opinion, as necessary.
Selling all or part of your Company. Selling a company entails a morass of business, tax and legal issues andaffects directors, officers, shareholders, employees and customers. We can advise you on your duties to your shareholders, employees and customers and can help you structure the transaction and negotiate terms most favorable to you. We can also provide advice with respect to tax consequences, restricted stock transferability, earn-out provisions, employee contracts and non-compete provisions. We will also help you comply with all the regulatory and contractual requirements necessary to close the transaction including the preparation of a legal opinion.
Seeking to continue the business upon the departure of a key person. In small businesses, the loss of a key person can be devastating. Death, disability, illness, retirement, voluntary departure or involuntary termination can lead to the sudden departure of a key person. Without a succession plan in place, a company’s survival may be in jeopardy. We can help advise you as to how best to address these contingencies. We can prepare a buy sell agreement, a shareholders agreement or an employment agreement to address your specific concerns.
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> May 2012
> October 2011